Onco-dermatology is a sub discipline of oncology dealing with the diagnostics and treatment of malignant tumors of the skin. Additional purpose is reduction of mortality from skin tumors and their occurrence by means of preventive diagnostics and timely and competent treatment.
Despite the best efforts of the scientists and doctors, the number of malignant skin disease cases is on the rise. This factor is influenced by several reasons:
- The environmental situation in the world is continuously deteriorating.
- Lack of awareness – people aren’t being educated enough about the danger and the fact that almost any mole might potentially hiding skin cancer.
In fact, on any person’s body there is a presence of various numbers of moles, papillomas and warts of different sizes. Some of the might present morbid danger – for instance, certain forms of skin cancer are characterized by rapid growth and quick metastasising.
Melanoma of the skin grows from skin cells, which are rich in melanin. It can also occur on the retina, oral mucosa, rectum or vagina. Melanoma cells are easily carried throughout the body in blood vessels and lymph, causing secondary lesions in other parts of the body. Metastatic skin cancer are considered to be very hard to treat, and the presence of metastases significantly lowers the chances to achieve remission.
Moles or pigmented nevi normally form during the childhood. When the child is 7-10 years of age, they reach a certain size and shape, and often aren’t altered anymore. Normal moles of about 0.5 cm in size are usually levelled with the skin surface or raised above it, coloured in dark brown or black.
Key factors that can be defined as provoke the development of skin cancers:
- Genetic predisposition – people with bright skin colour, blond or red hair, blue or gray eyes belong to this risk group. Those people have small amounts of protective melanin pigment in their skin, and the risk of developing a malignant tumor is significantly increased in those cases.
- Environmental factors – human skin is the only barrier between the outside world and the internal environment of the human body, its homeostasis. The skin absorbs the consequences of all the damages from the combined effects of harmful exogenous irritants. Significant ultraviolet load on the skin due to significant changes in the sunlight spectrum also can cause sunburns and accumulation of mutations in the DNA of skin cells;
- Failures in the endocrine and immune systems.
It is necessary to avoid accidental damage or even removal of moles. If the accidental damage does occur, urgent consultation with a specialist is required. The situation needs to be assessed as soon as possible, and the doctor will decide if a special treatment is needed.
Routine recommendations for moles care:
- Eliminate, to the maximal extent, all possible irritants that might cause damage to the mole: friction and pressure by clothes;
- Periodically monitor the changes of moles colour (it may become darker or brighter;
- Do not lose sight of the growth dynamics in a mole, and also possible changes in its shape. Be aware of sudden appearance of satellites around moles;
- Take into account, that if a mole causes any itching, burning, tingling, numbness, pain or other sensations, you might need medical attention to study the nature of those abnormal occurrences;
- Be aware of changes in the surface of the mole, appearance of scabs, cracks, possible hair loss and smoothed skin surface in the vicinity of the suspicious mole.
The very best tactic is to always be aware of the moles appearances, to watch them and try not to traumatize them. It is important to remember, that if you have noticed even just one of the aforementioned symptoms, you need to act quickly and without delay, seek the advice of a medical professional. Instant action, taken as early as possible, reduces the risk of developing malignancies and causes positive effect on the treatment and healing process.
In fact, there are several specific reasons for the removal of skin moles:
- Aesthetic – the location and size of the normal moles can cause discomfort (face, neck, exposed areas of the arms, legs or back);
- Functional – moles causes inconvenience when wearing clothing, jewellery or while shaving;
- Cancer prevention or treatment – resizing skin growths or moles, changing the usual type, itch or pain – these factors may indicate malignant degeneration of moles.
Early diagnosis and proper treatment os skin cancers play a significant role in the positive effect of the treatment, as tumor invasion deep into the skin triggers the dissemination of cancer cells and the formation of secondary tumor lesions. Onco-dermatologists establish the diagnosis on the grounds of clinical examination and a simple, non-invasive diagnostic procedure called dermatoscopy.
To make sure you are properly taken care of, please contact a specialised cancer treatment clinic is the need arises. We will gladly assist you, if you decide to travel abroad for treatment. Fill in the inquiry, and we will contact you as soon as possible.